An adjective is a describing word. It tells us more about a noun. Adjectives can be in colour and number.
There are three types of adjectives: descriptive, demonstrative, and quantitative adjectives.
Some adjectives describes a noun or a pronoun. They are called descriptive adjectives.
It is a lovely day today.
Some adjectives points out to something specific. They are called demonstrative adjectives.
I want that apple.
Some adjectives tell the exact number of something. It can tell “how many?” and “how much?” Such adjectives are called quantitative adjectives.
Mr. Bell has no money in his pocket. Some people are very poor.
Adjectives are formed by adding “y” to a word, or dropping a “e” and adding “y”.
Proper adjectives are formed from a proper noun.
Example: We visited the Trinidad zoo.
Have you ever visited the Egyptian pyramids.
Note: Articles are adjectives. Indefinite articles, a and an are adjectives. Definite article, the, is an adjective.
I have a used computer.
I have the used computer.
COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES
Sometimes we use a comparative adjective to compare the difference between things. Most comparative adjectives end in er.
Example: Jenny’s hair is darker than Patrice’s hair.
When we compare two nouns we use a comparative adjective.
When we compare more than two nouns we use a superlative adjective.
Example: Julia is tall. Luke is taller, but Matthew is the tallest.
Comparative adjectives often end with er. Superlative adjective often ends with est.
Note: When a single vowel precedes the last letter of an adjective, the last letter is doubled before “er” or “est” is added.
eg. wet – wetter; wettest
If the adjective ends with “y” change the “y” to an “i” before adding “er” or “est”.
e.g. pretty – prettier; prettiest
Some adjectives have two or more syllables. To form their comparative and superlative, add “more/less” or “most/least”
- grateful – more grateful; most grateful
- comfortable – less comfortable; least comfortable
Finally there are irregular comparative and superlative forms of adjectives.
A phrase is usually a short group of words without a verb. A phrase does not make sense on its own. However, a phrase can tell us more about a noun; the job of an adjective. It is called an adjectival phrase.
Example: Martin fell down the long and winding stairs.
The phrase “long and winding” stairs tells us more about the noun stairs.
WORKSHEET: Adjective 1
Adjectives 1 – This interactive activity helps you to effectively use descriptive adjectives in your writing.
Adjectives 2 – This interactive activity helps you to use specific adjectives.
A simile helps us to describe things better. It compares two things. Similes often contain adjectives.