How to Make Sentences Colourful with adjectives

An adjective is a describing word. It tells us more about a noun. Adjectives can be in colour and number.

Example: a funny man
Example: This is a red apple.
Example: Here are three loaves of bread.
Example: You have no excuse to leave early.

There are three types of adjectives: descriptive, demonstrative, and quantitative adjectives.

Some adjectives describes a noun or a pronoun. They are called descriptive adjectives.

Example:

It is a lovely day today.

Some adjectives points out to something specific. They are called demonstrative adjectives.

Example:

I want that apple.

mr bell

Some adjectives tell the exact number of something. It can tell “how many?” and “how much?” Such adjectives are called quantitative adjectives.

Example:

Mr. Bell has no money in his pocket. Some people are very poor.

FORMING ADJECTIVES

Adjectives are formed by adding “y” to a word, or dropping a “e” and adding “y”.

Example:

saltsalty
stonestony
sunsunny

WORKSHEET

Adjectives 1

Adjectives 3

Adjective Worksheet – Interactive

PROPER ADJECTIVES

Proper adjectives are formed from a proper noun.

Example: We visited the Trinidad zoo.
Have you ever visited the Egyptian pyramids.

Note: Articles are adjectives. Indefinite articles, a and an are adjectives. Definite article, the, is an adjective.

Example:
I have a used computer.
I have the used computer.

WORKSHEET

Proper Adjectives: Missing adjectives

COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES

Sometimes we use a comparative adjective to compare the difference between things. Most comparative adjectives end in er.

Example: Jenny’s hair is darker than Patrice’s hair.

When we compare two nouns we use a comparative adjective.

When we compare more than two nouns we use a superlative adjective.

Example: Julia is tall. Luke is taller, but Matthew is the tallest.

Comparative adjectives often end with er. Superlative adjective often ends with est.

Note: When a single vowel precedes the last letter of an adjective, the last letter is doubled before “er” or “est” is added.

eg. wet – wetter; wettest

If the adjective ends with “y” change the “y” to an “i” before adding “er” or “est”.

e.g. pretty – prettier; prettiest

Some adjectives have two or more syllables. To form their comparative and superlative, add “more/less” or “most/least”

e.g.

  1. grateful – more grateful; most grateful
  2. comfortable – less comfortable; least comfortable

Finally there are irregular comparative and superlative forms of adjectives.

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Worksheet – Form-of-adjective

ADJECTIVAL PHRASES

A phrase is usually a short group of words without a verb. A phrase does not make sense on its own. However, a phrase can tell us more about a noun; the job of an adjective. It is called an adjectival phrase.

Example: Martin fell down the long and winding stairs.

The phrase “long and winding” stairs tells us more about the noun stairs.

WORKSHEET: Adjective 1

ACTIVITY:

Adjectives 1 – This interactive activity helps you to effectively use descriptive adjectives in your writing.

Adjectives 2 – This interactive activity helps you to use specific adjectives.

ADJECTIVES (SIMILES)

A simile helps us to describe things better. It compares two things. Similes often contain adjectives.

Example: Milo rode his bicycle down the hill as fast as a cheetah.

WORKSHEET:

Adjective – Simile

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