How to Make Sentences Colourful with adjectives



An adjective is a describing word. It tells us more about a noun. Adjectives can be in colour and number.

Example: a funny man
Example: This is a red apple.
Example: Here are three loaves of bread.
Example: You have no excuse to leave early.

There are three types of adjectives: descriptive, demonstrative, and quantitative adjectives.

Some adjectives describes a noun or a pronoun. They are called descriptive adjectives.


It is a lovely day today.

Some adjectives points out to something specific. They are called demonstrative adjectives.


I want that apple.

Mr. Bell

Some adjectives tell the exact number of something. It can tell “how many?” and “how much?” Such adjectives are called quantitative adjectives.


Mr. Bell has no money in his pocket. Some people are very poor.

Forming Adjectives

Adjectives are formed by adding “y” to a word, or dropping a “e” and adding “y”.



Proper Adjectives

Proper adjectives are formed from a proper noun.

Example: We visited the Trinidad zoo.
Have you ever visited the Egyptian pyramids.

Note: Articles are adjectives. Indefinite articles, a and an are adjectives. Definite article, the, is an adjective.

I have a used computer.
I have the used computer.

Comparative and superlative adjectives

Sometimes we use a comparative adjective to compare the difference between things. Most comparative adjectives end in er.

Example: Jenny’s hair is darker than Patrice’s hair.

When we compare two nouns we use a comparative adjective.

When we compare more than two nouns we use a superlative adjective.

Example: Julia is tall. Luke is taller, but Matthew is the tallest.

Comparative adjectives often end with er. Superlative adjective often ends with est.

Note: When a single vowel precedes the last letter of an adjective, the last letter is doubled before “er” or “est” is added.

eg. wet – wetter; wettest

If the adjective ends with “y” change the “y” to an “i” before adding “er” or “est”.

e.g. pretty – prettier; prettiest

Some adjectives have two or more syllables. To form their comparative and superlative, add “more/less” or “most/least”


  1. grateful – more grateful; most grateful
  2. comfortable – less comfortable; least comfortable

Finally there are irregular comparative and superlative forms of adjectives.

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Adjectival Phrases

A phrase is usually a short group of words without a verb. A phrase does not make sense on its own. However, a phrase can tell us more about a noun; the job of an adjective. It is called an adjectival phrase.

Example: Martin fell down the long and winding stairs.

The phrase “long and winding” stairs tells us more about the noun stairs.

Adjectives (Similes)

A simile helps us to describe things better. It compares two things. Similes often contain adjectives.

Example: Milo rode his bicycle down the hill as fast as a cheetah.


Click the links below to download the following PDF worksheets.

Adjective – Simile

Adjectives 1

Adjectives 2

Adjectives 3

Worksheet – Form-of-adjective

Adjective Worksheet – Interactive

Proper Adjectives: Missing adjectives


Adjectives 1 – This interactive activity helps you to effectively use descriptive adjectives in your writing.

Adjectives 2 – This interactive activity helps you to use specific adjectives.

Click here to see more worksheets