Inferences and predictions

Many times we try to guess what will happen next when we are reading. When we make a guess, we are making a prediction. Some predictions make sense, some don’t. However, you should try to make sensible predictions when you are reading and answering questions.

If the text has pictures, observe the pictures. For example: Can you predict what will happen next?

Your predictions must be logical. Here, you can see Brent over-ate on a hug hamburger. How do you think he is now feeling?

This is a logical prediction for Brent. Brent is not feeling well. He has an upset stomach and wishes he did not eat all of the hamburger. As a student you will have to practice making predictions as you read.

Movie Trailer: Can you predict what will happen in this movie?

LITERAL AND INFERENTIAL

Sometimes when we read, the author places the information in a simple direct way. There is no doubt as to what the author is saying. However, sometimes when we read, the author leaves some information out. As a matter of fact, the author always leaves some clues so you can make a logical guess as to what is happening and what is being said. You also have to use your own knowledge and experience to help you guess what is happening in the story. It is much like reading between the lines. This type of thinking is referred to inference. When we are ask to make an inference, we are expected to cite some reasons why we guess what is happening.

Look at the picture below. Sam is taking a Math exam.

Why is Sam looking so confused? Does he understand what he has to do? What did Sam do to get himself in this situation?

Source

Sam obviously did not study for his exam. This is one possible thing Sam did before the exam.

You can infer that Sam played whole evening instead of studying.

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