How to use Prepositions in sentences

A preposition is a word that shows the relationship of one thing to another. Prepositions tell us about position.

Example: Martin fell down the stairs.
Example: The ladies sat on chairs.
Example: I will sing a song for you.

Note: Some words can be used as either preposition or adverb.

Compare:

Example: Sam and I left Dad inside the house. [A preposition is used.]

Example: Sam and I left Dad inside. [An adverb is used.]

WORKSHEET

Prepositions 1

Preposition

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PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES

You should know that a preposition is a word that shows the relationship of one thing to another. Prepositions tell us about position.

A phrase is a group of words that acts in a sentence as a single part of speech.

A prepositional phrase is a group of words that begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or a pronoun which is called the object of the preposition.

A prepositional phrase usually function as an adjective or adverb. As an adjective, it modifies a noun or pronoun. And as an adverb it modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.

OBSERVE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES.

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Example: Sam and I went to the park.

[“park” is the object of the preposition to]

[“to the park” is the prepositional phrase and it is used as an adverb as it modifies the verb went]

Example: The park, across the street, is Sam’s favourite spot.

[“street” is the object of the preposition “across“]

[“across the street” is an adjective phrase and it is used as an adjective as it modifies the noun park]


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Melissa is watching television in the living room.

[“living room” is the object of the preposition in.

in the living room” is an adverb phrase. It modifies the verb is“.]

The show, after the News, is her favourite.

[“News” is the object of the preposition after.

[“after the News” is an adjective phrase. It modifies the noun show“.]


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