Being Fair to People with a Disability

Being Fair to those who may be challenged.
Definition: Challenged, disadvantaged persons, unjust acts.


Disability – a physical or mental characteristic that impairs a persons movement, social or cognitive development.

Challenged – difficulties that arise due to a physical disability .

Disadvantaged person – a person who lacks ownership of basic resources that considered to be necessary for an equal position in society.

Unjust – unfair.

In the Caribbean, there are about 5% to 15% of the population living with a disability. People with disabilities are often treated as second class citizens. They more often suffer from many injustices. They often find it had to get jobs, housing, or access to some important public places such as schools, libraries and malls. Often many people think all disabled people are incapable of making decisions and caring for themselves. On the contrary, many people with disabilities can achieve many things, especially if they are given the resources they need. Most people see the treatment to people with disabilities as unjust. It is better to think that a person with a disability is someone with a “mismatch between their ability and their environment”.

How to enable disabled people to achieve their potential?

There are two models to help us understand how this can be done.

  1. The social model.
  2. The medical model.
Medical Models states that a persons has a medical problem and he must overcome his condition in order to fit in society. This thought bought about a lot of negative attitude towards the disabled person.
As people in society questions things more they moved away from the medical model and looked at disability not as a punishment from God. It is now considered a mental or physical defect that can be treated. This new thought is considered the social model. An encouraged people to think of things we can do to help people with disability live a more fulfilling life.

One way of removing barriers is by reconstructing the environment. The environment can be reconstructed to make access and movement easier for them. Justice for the person with disability recognizes that everyone has needs that must be met and that everyone can reach their full potential.

Here are some ways that will help remove such discrimination:

Make sue the entrance to schools and important buildings are accessible.
Have material, such as textbooks, available in different formats.

Inclusive Education. Education will allow the person with the disability to participate in society and in recreation as well.

Family Support. This social structure can be used to give the person with a disability the emotional, economic, social, and physical support needed. Families need support as well, and any type of support would help the family cope and make better of the situation they are in.

Inclusion for persons with disabilities is a good thing for everyone.

Discussion questions

  1. List five challenges a person with physical disabilities experience on a daily basis.
  2. Explain one way you can help a person with a physical disability live a fuller life.
  3. Explain the social model of justice for the disabled.
  4. What is meant by the term discrimination?

Video: Invention of the Braille Language