What is meant by Immigration and Emigration?





Immigration is “travel into a country for the purpose of permanent residence there.”


Emigration is “departure from a place of abode, natural home, or country for life or residence elsewhere.”

Why Humans Migrate

People move around the world a lot! It’s called migration and it’s a big deal because it affects everyone! Sometimes people leave their homes for different reasons.

Some reasons make them want to leave, like not having enough jobs or being in danger. These are called push factors. Other times, people are attracted to new places because of good things like more opportunities or wanting to be with family. These are called pull factors. There are lots of reasons why people might want to move, and it’s important to understand them all!

Push factors are reason that make a family leave their country. For example, Mr. Donald has been unemployed for the the past year. He is moving his family to Trinidad where he knows he will be able to get a job to support his family.

Push factors to migrate

  1. Social – poor services, lack of education, and poor medical care.
  2. Economic – unemployment, poor pay, and hazardous working conditions,
  3. Political – persecution and war
Pull factors are reasons that attract a person a country. Mr. and Ms. Francis would migrate to Dominica because they want to experience a slower-pace in life.

Pull factors to migrate

  1. Social – plenty of food, available services, and lots of doctors,
  2. Economic – job opportunities, better quality of life, and good pay
  3. Political – democracy and freedom


Explain in four to five sentences the difference between immigration and emigration.

Effects of Human Migration

Migration is a beautiful phenomenon that brings a melting pot of experiences, skills, and culture to a country. It’s like a buffet of talent and knowledge waiting to be explored and appreciated. Every individual brings their unique flavor to the mix, and the result is a vibrant, dynamic society that is constantly evolving.

However, some people have a narrow view of migration and see immigrants as a threat to their jobs and opportunities. This view is not only shortsighted but also overlooks the immense benefits that immigrants bring to the table. They diversify the workforce, infuse new ideas, and boost productivity levels. On the other hand, the country that experiences emigration may see it as a loss of resources. It’s important to see the bigger picture and embrace the wonderful contributions that immigrants can make to our society.

Look at the story below and think about Carly’s refugee story.

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Cultural Contribution of Migrants

Oh, the wonders of migration! It’s not just about people moving from one place to another, it’s about the exchange of skills and talents that enriches the country they settle in. Imagine all the amazing things they could bring to the table! From music to culture to unique beliefs, migrants offer a unique opportunity for different communities to come together and learn from one another.

Also, let’s not forget about the hardworking migrants who accept jobs that pay less than what they deserve. Their dedication and perseverance are truly inspiring.

Speaking of inspiring migrants, have you heard of Tubal Uriah “Buzz” Butler? This talented individual has made a significant impact in his new home and is definitely someone worth considering.

Tubal Uriah Butler

Let me tell you about the legendary Tubal Uriah Butler, born on the 21st day of January in 1897 at the charming Bluggo Cottage in Georgetown, Grenada. This man was no ordinary chap – he was the epitome of brilliance, courage and wisdom. After receiving his education in Grenada, he served in the First World War and proved his mettle in the sands of Egypt and Palestine. That’s right, he was out there fighting for his country like a true warrior. After the war, he decided to take his skills to the next level, and moved to Trinidad in 1921 where he worked as a pipe-fitter at the Roodal Oil fields.

After a painful injury, he found a new purpose in life – to fight for fair working conditions and higher wages for his fellow workers. He ignited a spark of change that spread like wildfire throughout Trinidad’s labor movement. And now, every June 19th, we honor his legacy and celebrate the progress made thanks to his tireless efforts. His name may be forgotten by some, but his impact is felt by all who benefit from the fruits of his labor.

You will learn more about the contributions of migrants in the lesson on “Our Heritage”.