Immigration is “travel into a country for the purpose of permanent residence there.”
Emigration is “departure from a place of abode, natural home, or country for life or residence elsewhere.”
Why Humans Migrate
People around the world migrate for many reasons. Migration is a global issue because it affect us and the places the migrants come from.
The reasons a person or family migrate can be sum up as either push factors and pull factors. There are many reasons, here are some.
Push factors to migrate
- Social – poor services, lack of education, and poor medical care.
- Economic – unemployment, poor pay, and hazardous working conditions,
- Political – persecution and war
Pull factors to migrate
- Social – plenty of food, available services, and lots of doctors,
- Economic – job opportunities, better quality of life, and good pay
- Political – democracy and freedom
Explain in 4 to 5 sentences the difference between immigration and emigration.
Effects of Human Migration
People move into countries and bring with them their experiences, their knowledge and skills, family, culture, language, and beliefs. The receiving country therefore is gaining a lot from immigrants. The country should see its productivity increase. Unfortunately, some people tend to see migration differently. They see immigrants coming to take their jobs and opportunities. On the flip side, the country where the immigrants are leaving, see their emigrant as a loss of resources.
Look at the story below and think about Carly’s refugee story.iframe width=”560″ height=”315″ src=”https://www.youtube.com/embed/oF1HGfg2bSo” frameborder=”0″ allow=”accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture” allowfullscreen=””>
Cultural Contribution of Migrants
Migrants bring with them their skills and talents. Their skills and talent contribute to the well-being of the country they live in now. Also, migrants, skilled and unskilled, accept jobs for a small salary.
Migrants bring with them their cultural values, musical skills and beliefs. They offer an opportunity for people of different backgrounds to interact and share ideas and skills.
One migrant you should consider is Tubal Uriah “Buzz” Butler.
Tubal Uriah Butler was born on January 21st, 1897 in Bluggo Cottage, Georgetown, Grenada. He was educated in Grenada. He served in the First World War in Egypt and Palestine. When he returned from the war, he moved to Trinidad in 1921 to work as a pipe-fitter at the Roodal Oil fields.
When he sustain an injury, he joined the Trade Union movement. He became a catalyst for change in the working conditions and better wages for many workers. Labour Day is celebrated on June 19th and his contribution in the trade union movement in Trinidad is often highlighted.
You will learn more about the contributions of migrants in the lesson on “Our Heritage”.