Technology in Agriculture

Summary

Technology refers to the sum use of information, processes, techniques or devices that are used to make production easier. In agriculture, it is used to refer to any technology used in farming or other agricultural activity. There are many types of agricultural equipment: they range from hand tools and power tools to tractor. Every stage of agriculture has some technology that is used to help the farmer use less labour and cut the cost the farmer may encounter during the various stages of agricultural production. The farmer has to plant, harvest and deliver his produce on time.

The farm tractor is used for pulling or pushing agricultural machinery or trailers, for plowing, tilling, disking, harrowing, planting, etc.

Farmers have a variety of choices when it comes to equipments. They can use rakes, which spreads and merges hay before it is baled.

Machinery types:

  1. Combines
  2. planters
  3. sprayers
  4. balers.

Combiners

The harvester is used to collect seeds and edible parts of the plant. It does three operations: reaping, threshing and winnowing. This is done in a single process. The machine can harvest oat, rice, barley, soybean, corn, wheat, rye, flaxseed, and other edible seeds. The harvester saves time and reduce cost in labour. This machines is one of the most economic labour saving machine.
A plough tractor is a tilage implement used to prepare the soil for planting. It loosens the soil and helps kill weeds or competing plants.

Planters

Planter machines place seeds into the ground. They put the seeds in rows less than a foot apart.

Sprayers

Sprayer

Balers

A hay tedder helps the farmer spread out the hay crop. It helps the crop to dry out before being raked and baled.

New technology is changing the way we farm. It helps us to be less wasteful in the use of fuel, seed, or fertilizer.

Technology and Controlled environment agriculture

Controlled environment agriculture means that you are controlling the environment around the plant so it can grow and produce the highest yield. Greenhouse or hydroponic system are example of this.

Control could span: weather, temperature, impacts of insects, controlling pests, and watering of the plant.

Controlled Environment Agriculture refers to growing crops in an environment that is controlled by the grower. The grower can interfere with some or all of the following through automation:

  • temperature,
  • humidity,
  • light,
  • carbon dioxide, and
  • nutrients.

Such technology helps the farmer grow food and collect data about the crop and the environment. The farmer is also able to reduce pest or diseases that can affect his crop. Therefore the crops grow in ideal environments and the yield is highest for the grower.

Depending on the region, the grow environment might be indoor, in a green house, outdoor in a protected cropping environment, or in a vertical space (vertical farming).

5 Modern Outdoor Plant Gadgets

Hydroponic Gardening

Botanist in protective mask planting green plants while working in greenhouse
Hydroponics vertical farm in building with high technology farming. Agricultural Greenhouse with hydroponic shelving system.

Below is a picture of greenhouses.

Discussion question:

Why do gardeners and some farmers use greenhouses to grow plants?

Worksheets