Interrogative and Imperative Verbs
We use the interrogative form of a verb to ask questions; and the imperative form to give orders, commands or to make requests.
Example: “Who do you want to speak to?” [Interrogative]
Example: “Please, repeat what you said.” [Imperative]
Active and Passive Verbs
Verbs are active (or in the active voice) when the subject of the sentence performs the action. The verb is passive (or in the passive voice)when the subject of the sentence has the action done to it.
Example: The women drank hot cups of mint tea. [ active verb]
The subject performs the action in above sentence.
Example: Hot cups of mint tea were drank by the women. [passive verb]
The subject has the action done to the women.
A verb in a sentence may consist of more than one word. The word that accompanies the main verb is referred to as the helping or auxiliary verbs. We use an auxiliary or helper verb with the main verb to help it work properly. A common auxiliary verb is “to have“. It tells us about an action in the past. An auxiliary verb sometimes gives us more information about the tense of the verb.
Example: “How do mathematicians scold their children? ‘I have told you n times, I have told you n+1 times'” .
In the future tense, we usually use the auxiliary verb shall (after I and we) and will (after you, he, she, it or they). If you want to make a strong statement, use them the other way around.
Some more auxiliary verbs are: must, can, and may.
Example: I can ride my bicycle. (‘can‘ indicates ‘ablility’)
Example: May I go outside to ride my bicycle. (‘may‘ expresses ‘permission or possibility’)
A conditional verb tells you the action might happen or might have happened because it depend on someone or something else.
Example: “If you jump of the bridge in Paris you would be in Seine”.
Some auxiliary verbs also tell you if a verb is conditional. They are: should, would, could and might.
Example: ” A mathematician wanders back home at 3 a.m. He proceeds to get an earful from his wife.
“You are late!” she yells.”You said you would be home by 11:45!”
“Actually,” the mathematician replies coolly, ” I said I would be home by a quarter of 12.”
Example: “She might faint when she sees me.” Patrice giggled.
Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
A transitive verb is followed by a word or words that answer questions ‘what’ and ‘whom’. An intransitive verb does not answer the question what and whom.
Transitive Verb example:
The boy spoke the words to challenge the girls. [the noun words answers the question what?)
Intransitive Verb example:
The boy spoke clearly. [The verb is followed by a word that tells how.]