In Trinidad and Tobago, land use is controlled by the Town and Country Planning Act. This act aims to preserve and improve the use of land in both urban and rural areas. Also, the Environmental Management Authority also seeks to protect, conserve, enhance and encourage the wise use of the land. This authority seeks to protect the environment from pollution.
Pollution is the introduction of any harmful material into the environment. Such materials are called pollutants. Urban areas are more polluted than the countryside. however, pollution can spread into areas that are not being used.
Air pollution is invisible, but we know it exists when we see dark smoke coming from factories, and vehicles. Cars and and factories produce many common pollutants, nitrogen oxide, sulfur dioxide, and hydrocarbons. These chemicals react with sunlight to produce smog, or a thick fog, or haze of air pollution.
Smog makes breathing difficult for children and older adults. Gases: nitrogen oxide and sulfur dioxide mixes with moisture and change into acids. It fall back to the earth as acid rain. Acid rain kills the trees in a forest, and when it ends up in the lakes, streams and waterways, fish cannot survive the water. Acid rain wears away at marbles and stones, thus damage homes and important man-made structures. Governments have good reason to pass laws that will protect the air we breathe.
All human activities affect the land we need and depend on.
Mining, leaves exposed land contaminated with dangerous chemicals. the improper regulation of the use of pesticides and fertilizers can damage our agricultural fields and contaminate the food we eat. Pesticides in our fruits and vegetables can cause cancer and other diseases.
Landfills are massive and unsightly. They can harm the animals when they mistakenly eat plastic. If we fill up our landfills too fast we will run out of places to dump trash. Landfills can also leak pollutants into the ground water and into the aquatic food system.
Landfill sites in Trinidad and Tobago are managed by the Trinidad and Tobago Solid Waste Management Company Limited SWMCOL. These sites are located in Beetham, Forre park and Guanapo.
Waste management system in Trinidad and Tobago needs improvement. Many people mindlessly dispose of waste. The population is growing and the government must put these measures in place. Trinidad generate one of the highest amount of trash in the world. This country generate 14.4 kg per capital per day.
According to a study in 2010, The households in Trinidad and Tobago produce the following types of wastes: organic material (27.15%), plastics (19.17%), paper (18.77%) and glass (10.15%). There is no segregation of waste in households and the majority of these wastes enter the landfills.
The population of 1.3 million inhabitants, had a waste generation rate of 700,000 tonnes on an annual basis. At this rate, by 2020, the country will be generating 1.4 million tonnes of municipal solid waste per year.
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