Equivalent fractions are of equal value though they have different numerator and denominator.
These fractions represent the same proportion of the whole. Therefore, 1/2 = 2/4 =3/6= 4/8
The above fractions are equivalent fractions. If we simplify fractions we also get equivalent fractions.
Practice creating your own equivalent fractions with simple objects you can find in your home.
Exercise 1: Complete the pair of equivalent fraction.
Exercise 2: Find the lowest term for the fraction 3/12.
Exercise 3: How do you know that 3/4 is more than 1/2?
Exercise 4: Clara got 20 sweets, one-half of the pack of sweets. How many sweets were in the pack? How much does Zina and Sue get if they are to share the balance equally?
Answer: The pack contains 40 sweets. The girl will get 10 sweets each.
Time for some practice exercises.