- Summarizing and Retelling
There is a helpful formula in reading. It is called SQ3R. This strategy can be very helpful when you are given any reading assignment: reading assignments in all subject areas. Use it when you are reading your textbooks. This acronym stands for Survey, Question, Read, Recite, and Review (the last three are the 3R).
Survey (S) tells you to survey – it could be the assignment or the textbook. Look at the pictures, if their are any. Read the title, headings, and subheadings. Read the first two sentences to help you prepare for reading. You need to have an idea of what you are going to read.
Sometimes there is not a picture. Reading can be a passive activity. It can be more enjoyable when you try to visualize what you are reading. Create pictures in your head while you read. Your understanding of the text will greatly improve
Question (Q) yourself about the assignment or textbook. After surveying, you can think about what you would like to learn and what would interest you. Questioning should help you open yourself to listening to what you are reading. Write the question down. It could be in a notebook or stick-on notes. One strategy for questioning is the 5W1H techniques. This helps you understand the details of what you read. Use this technique to form your questions.
Read, Recite, and Review (3R)implies that you read the assignment and look for answers to the questions you have in mind. Read for the main idea and recite it in your mind. Finally, review what you have read.
Read this excerpt from “The Adventurers of Tom Sawyer“. Draw Huckleberry Finn as Tom is talking to him.
Shortly Tom came upon the juvenile pariah of the village, Huckleberry Finn, son of the town drunkard. Huckleberry was cordially hated and dreaded by all the mothers of the town, because he was idle and lawless and vulgar and bad—and because all their children admired him so, and delighted in his forbidden society, and wished they dared to be like him. Tom was like the rest of the respectable boys, in that he envied Huckleberry his gaudy outcast condition, and was under strict orders not to play with him. So he played with him every time he got a chance. Huckleberry was always dressed in the cast-off clothes of full-grown men, and they were in perennial bloom and fluttering with rags. His hat was a vast ruin with a wide crescent lopped out of its brim; his coat, when he wore one, hung nearly to his heels and had the rearward buttons far down the back; but one suspender supported his trousers; the seat of the trousers bagged low and contained nothing, the fringed legs dragged in the dirt when not rolled up.
Huckleberry came and went, at his own free will. He slept on doorsteps in fine weather and in empty hogsheads in wet; he did not have to go to school or to church, or call any being master or obey anybody; he could go fishing or swimming when and where he chose, and stay as long as it suited him; nobody forbade him to fight; he could sit up as late as he pleased; he was always the first boy that went barefoot in the spring and the last to resume leather in the fall; he never had to wash, nor put on clean clothes; he could swear wonderfully. In a word, everything that goes to make life precious that boy had. So thought every harassed, hampered, respectable boy in St. Petersburg.
Tom hailed the romantic outcast:
“Hello yourself, and see how you like it.”
“What’s that you got?”
“Lemme see him, Huck. My, he’s pretty stiff. Where’d you get him ?”
“Bought him off’n a boy.”
“What did you give?”
“I give a blue ticket and a bladder that I got at the slaughter-house.”
“Where’d you get the blue ticket?”
“Bought it off’n Ben Rogers two weeks ago for a hoop-stick.”
“Say—what is dead cats good for, Huck?”
“Good for? Cure warts with.”
“No! Is that so? I know something that’s better.”
“I bet you don’t. What is it?”
“Spunk-water! I wouldn’t give a dern for spunk-water.”
“You wouldn’t, wouldn’t you? D’you ever try it?”…