When you read a poem you read it first for what it is; and again because it appeals to you. Some poems are clear, others are not so clear. Always reread a poem to capture its meaning; then try to paraphrase the content of the poem. You should also use a dictionary to help you understand the meaning of some words.
The theme of a a poem is its main idea. It is central message or idea in the poem. The theme are often developed throughout the poem with sets of key words – it is rarely stated explicitly by the poet. To find the theme, search the title, tone of who is speaking, the way the poem is structured, sound, and rhythm of the poem.