The writing process is not one that must follow a strict order. No! You can go back and forth among the steps, repeat a step until you get the results you want. Here is the process.
During this stage of prewriting, you explore your ideas, feeling, and what you know about the chosen topic. There are a number of techniques you can use at this stage. You may combine these techniques as best to suit you.
- You can keep a daily journal of your thoughts on the topic. Attach newspaper clippings, photos , songs, poems, etc.
- You can write freely on the topic. Just run of your thoughts on paper without worrying about grammar, punctuation, and spelling.
- You can generate ideas by brainstorming.
- You can organize your thoughts by “clustering” to show how your ideas are connected on paper. Below is a sample of clustering.
- Collect as much information on the topic. Self-question on the subtopics so the information collected would be relevant. Information can also be collected through observation and interviewing.
During the prewriting stage, you must also determine the main purpose of your writing and who the audience or readers will be for your writing.
The information you have must be organized to make sense for the reader. You can organize information in such a way: by time (chronological order), importance, cause and effect, or comparison and contrast.
Write your draft. Organize your facts and details. Make sure each paragraph has a main idea and supporting details that are relevant. You sentences should be interesting, not too many long sentences, or to many short sentences.
You should always review your writing to make sure it is well organized and easy to understand. Make the relevant changes to the writing. Improve your paragraphs.
During the proofreading stage, you check for and correct spelling and grammatical errors. Get accustom proofreading your own writing. The more you do it, the better you get at it. Here is a sample and an example of proofreading symbols you should know at this stage.
Publishing and Presentation
The last stage is publishing and presentation. You might read out your work in class or submit a written paper to your teacher, or a newspaper, or even a friend. Be calm and respectful when you are doing an oral presentation. Show yourself as someone you are worth presenting for others to listen to.