Controlled Environment Agriculture refers to growing crops in an environment that is controlled by the grower. The grower can interfere with some or all of the following through automation:
- carbon dioxide, and
Such technology helps the farmer grow food and collect data about the crop and the environment. The farmer is also able to reduce pest or diseases that can affect their crop. Therefore the crops grow in ideal environments and the yield is highest for the grower.
Depending on the region, the grow environment might be indoor, in a green house, outdoor in a protected cropping environment, or in a vertical space (vertical farming).
Below is a picture of greenhouses.
Why do gardeners and some farmers use greenhouses to grow plants?